E-ISSN 1658-7073 | ISSN 1658-6638
 

Original Research 


Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid.

Abstract
Cryptocurrency is a quickly growing technology in the finance industry, with the first cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, being created in 2009. Each cryptocurrency has its own unique hash value, and cryptocurrency mining involves participating in a guessing competition to release a unique hash into circulation, with the winner receiving a modest bonus in the form of bitcoin. However, as more bitcoins are discovered, it becomes increasingly difficult to obtain more, resulting in a need for extra computer resources and power. Consequently, the increasing popularity of cryptocurrency has led to a rise in cryptojacking malware, which secretly uses victims' computing resources to mine cryptocurrency. This malware can be either web-based or host-based, with similar execution and goals but differing in implementation and injection. Cryptojacking has affected numerous devices worldwide, but few studies have been carried out to detect it, especially the host-based type. Furthermore, the current studies on cryptojacking have limited datasets, which are often outdated or small, and the prediction models developed from these datasets may not be accurate. To address this gap, we conducted a thorough analysis of cryptojacking's behavior, lifecycle, impact, implementations, and possible detection methods. Additionally, we created an up-to-date dataset consisting of 114,985 samples, with 57,948 categorized as benign and 57,037 as cryptojacking. The dataset was used to build a smart cryptojacking detection system, with 5 different convolutional neural network models trained and evaluated against a subset of the dataset. The best performing model achieved an accuracy of 98.4%, an F1-Score of 98.3%, a precision of 98.4%, and a recall of 98.4%. Our proposed method, which involves running Windows executables in an isolated environment and closely monitoring their CPU usage, provides a thorough understanding of cryptojacking malware behavior and enables detection of the malware. The comprehensive dataset collected facilitates efficient detection model development. Additionally, evaluating the dataset with 5 different CNN algorithms and assessing their performance using established evaluation metrics ensures the effectiveness of our proposed method and dataset.

Key words: Cryptocurrency; Cryptomining; Blockchain; Cryptojacking Malware; Host-based; Machine Learning; Deep Learning; Convolutional Neural Network (CNN); Dataset.


 
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Pubmed Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid. Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset. JEAS. 2023; 10(1): 69-85. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105


Web Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid. Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset. https://jecasmu.org/?mno=151582 [Access: August 15, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid. Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset. JEAS. 2023; 10(1): 69-85. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid. Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset. JEAS. (2023), [cited August 15, 2023]; 10(1): 69-85. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105



Harvard Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid (2023) Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset. JEAS, 10 (1), 69-85. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105



Turabian Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid. 2023. Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 10 (1), 69-85. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105



Chicago Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid. "Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset." Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 10 (2023), 69-85. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid. "Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset." Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 10.1 (2023), 69-85. Print. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hadeel Abdullah Almurshid (2023) Smart Analysis and Detection System for New Host-Based Cryptojacking Malware Dataset. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 10 (1), 69-85. doi:10.5455/jeas.2023050105